總統兼黨主席 終結多頭馬車

馬英九總統執政屆滿百日,媒體民調顯示滿意度回升,但要努力的地方還很多,不能因為民調止跌而鬆懈。新政府該從那些地方著手努力呢?

馬總統應知,民選出來的是他,而非行政院長,即便總統授權讓行政院長充分在「政務上」發揮,但「政治上」成敗之責,民眾仍會指向總統。換言之,總統可依憲法自我節制,在政務上退居二線,卻必須依據民主政治的負責原理,在政治上親上前線。

要如何在政治上「親上前線」?筆者認為,馬總統應慎重考慮國民黨內提出的總統兼任黨主席之議,理由如下:

一、行政院政務表現只是衡量馬總統政治表現的項目之一,人民選出「國民黨籍」的馬英九,不僅是要他組織專業廉能的行政團隊,更要他革新國民黨(包括黨籍民代),這個任務困難重重,卻是馬英九不能迴避的義務。

二、馬總統表示無意兼任黨主席,背後的思考,以乎是他想當「全民總統」。但馬總統似乎誤解了全民總統在政黨政治的民主體制下的意義。

現代民主政治,是以政黨政治形態在運作的,即便在概念上未必能化為等號,但在實際運作上幾近同義。馬總統不能以切割國民黨來凸顯其全民性,而應與國民黨同舟前進,落實國民黨的全民性。不必拿「黨政不分」負面化兼任黨主席一事。

三、行政院的政務表現,應是在立法院的監督與合作雙重作用下進行的。然而,新執政團隊在人民面前呈現的卻是府、院、黨三頭馬車的紛亂局面。

若馬英九兼任國民黨主席,即可適度解決。是時,馬英九可透過政黨平台,以超然的立場,統籌黨的方向以協調行政院與黨籍立委的步調。特別是台灣的政黨目前仍是剛性政黨,而非僅負選舉任務的柔性架構,政黨實際上扮演極其重要的政治功能,總統兼任黨主席將可避免多頭馬車、自我掣肘。

馬總統可依據憲法說,行政院是憲法上政務的第一線,他必須「守憲」。但憲法可沒有禁止總統兼任黨主席,兼與不兼與憲法無關,只在馬英九是積極還是消極的一念間。

【2008/08/29  聯合報 970829】

《回應》千元之理 豈小哉?(拒賠920元 大銀行怒擋小民 )

報載銀行公會金融消費評議委員會決議,國泰世華銀行應給付申訴人陳美鳳九二○元。但由於國泰世華銀行董事長汪國華、總經理陳祖培親自到場翻案,結果該案「撤回」!

國泰世華銀行並不否認本身在計息犯錯侵權,卻以爭議金額是不到一千元的「小錢」,而陳女士卻曾要求銀行須登報道歉,很不理性;並認為該評議成立,對國家社會是不良示範。

筆者要告訴汪陳兩位先生:一千元不是小錢,背後承載著一個「理」字。反倒銀行仗勢威迫委員會撤回決議,不但丟國泰世華的臉、賠掉金融消費評議委員會名聲,更狠狠打了國家(金管會)耳光,才是最不良示範!

事實上,本人也發生與陳小姐類似遭遇。本人服務於理律法律事務所,也是國泰世華銀行侵犯消費者權益的受害人。四年前,國泰世華銀行的客戶新帝公司,被理律不肖員工劉偉杰盜賣股票,將廿幾億資金匯往海外。

理律已為員工的犯罪行為完全負起法律賠償責任,向新帝公司致歉並如數賠償。然而此案中,銀行本身沒責任嗎?該銀行未依洗錢防制法申報,並因此經金管機構函文糾正錯誤,卻仍是一副無動於衷、你奈我何的模樣,一句歉言也無!此案,理律已經正式向法院遞狀,但打官司是一回事,銀行應有的企業倫理精神蕩然無存才是最令人感慨的事。

汪國華、陳祖培兩位銀行家,在金管會的眼下,展現決不認錯,決不理賠的強硬態度,漠視消費者的權益,社會自有評斷。但筆者要回頭問問同樣也是銀行家的金管會陳樹主委,看著大銀行主公然在金融消費評議委員會裡,以權勢的刀鋒抵著消費者的喉頭,逼著委員會吞回成案。陳主委,沒有意見嗎?

【2008/08/29  中國時報 970829】

My Ven Ven, a blessing in disguise

(C.V. CHEN 陳長文)

Dear Ven Ven,

You have taught us perseverance.

With this letter, I hope I can tell you how much you are our pride and joy. You are our special gift from God. You have brought us tears, pain, as well as laughter, which only bring us closer together as a family. We accept you as you are and embrace your difference with open arms. Your love and endearment in return give us strength and purpose. Because of you, we have truly been blessed.

From the minute you open your eyes each morning, you face challenges that we take for granted everyday. You struggle to accomplish tasks that others complete without effort. For every little “miracle” you achieve, you cheer and applaud yourself with such pure joy that we can’t help but feel your excitement and happiness as if they were our own. Your struggles have taught us there are no challenges too great to overcome and you have shown us perseverance that we thought only “super heroes” possessed.

Yet, you never seem to care if others look at you differently; you greet them with respect and sincerity before anyone greets you. I have seen how your sincerity and innocence have melted strangers’ hearts and helped them open up to you and learn to love like you. You have provided our family a new perspective — a perspective into the mission that God has given us. Without your inspiration, I would not have seized the opportunity to commit to work with the Red Cross, to do my part in helping those like you who need a little support. I shudder at the thought that had I missed this opportunity, I would have forever missed the chance to do something truly meaningful.

I hope that other families with angels like you could also appreciate that disabled children are not a shame or punishment. We must respect our children first before expecting anyone else to. And, we must believe that we are stronger than others and have been chosen to take on this important task of raising these special angels. They move us with their purity and sincerity, and patiently wait for us to discover the things that are truly meaningful.

I often think that those with power or wealth would benefit from having a child like you at home. This is not meant to be a curse; on the contrary, I sincerely mean for it to be a blessing. Only by having angels like you in their lives can they truly relate and sympathize with families of much lesser means and understand what they go through each day. And only then will they discover how much joy they can bring to those in dire need. Only in this way will they, with all their influence and resources, understand what a waste it was for them not to have used their power to do good.

Many people at the peak of their career or the top of their field often live under the illusion that they are invincible and, inevitably, feel that philanthropy can wait. But in reality, life is fragile; regardless of whether you are an average citizen, or the ruler of a sovereign state, life can come to an end very unexpectedly and abruptly. And when that time comes, one can only lament what one “could have done.”

I believe that if our politicians had children like you, they would be less likely to squander billions of dollars of public money on seemingly meaningless projects, such as military spending for national security or bribing lobbyists for buying foreign “friendships,” and more likely to devote more of our valuable resources to improving our social welfare systems and the lives of families with children with disabilities.

The opportunity to do good has no limit; there are the elderly, the mentally ill and many, many others who are in need. We have the ability to reach out to other countries and share our love with the whole world. I sincerely wish that the Commonwealth State as described in the Classic of Rites by Confucius could be achieved: “There is a means of support for the widows and the widowers; for all who find themselves alone in the world and for the disabled.”

You have taught us that suffering often stems from loving ourselves too much.

A quote that appears at the end of each of my e-mails by Kahlil Gibran says a person is no more than a drifting speck of dust if he can not love or be loved. I like it because it reminds me of you.

I believe that the pain people feel is often self-inflicted, caused by self-pity and selfishness. Those people are too self-absorbed and therefore incapable of giving or accepting love. They don’t realize that, to experience true happiness, you must be willing to embrace others and be embraced.

Because of you, Ven, our love has found its purpose. And because of you, we have the privilege of basking in your unending affection. I honestly believe that I am able to love others better because of the way you have loved me.

Let us pray that everyone will learn from you, and those like you, how to love and be loved. It is the only way that life will not whisk by like a speck of dust, but instead, blossom into an eternal spring of joy.

You are our dearest Ven Ven. Thank you for loving us with all your being. With all our affection,

Daddy, Mommy and your sister Theresa.
C.V. Chen is president of the Red Cross Society of the Republic of China and a former secretary-general of the Straits Exchange Foundation.

Friday, Aug 08, 2008, Page 8
Editor’s note: This is an open letter from C.V. Chen to his son, who is mentally and physically challenged. Taipei Times presents this to mark Father’s Day.

【2008/08/28 Taipei Times 970828】

中文版Chinese Ver. 〈陳長文給愛子文文的一封信〉

榮譽來自正直,而非文憑

 陳水扁前總統涉入洗錢風波,對於同是台大法律系校友的我們,在痛心之餘,該如何看待台大教育出這位台灣最大政治醜聞的主角?

     不只陳前總統,同樣捲涉洗錢風暴的陳致中,也是台大法律系畢業生,日昨在媒體前為護家而失控的陳幸妤也是台大校友,一席「假清高」的談話,讓人驚詫前總統家庭成員不以違法為恥的價值觀竟是如此根深柢固。此外,前年涉入內線交易引起喧騰大波的總統女婿趙建銘,也是台大校友。

     陳水扁、陳致中、陳幸妤、趙建銘,當這四位台大人站在一起時,等於向社會宣告台大畢業似乎不等於良好的品格養成。台大教育究竟出了什麼問題?「端正品德」不是教育的基本使命嗎?為什麼會有如此嚴重傷害校譽的反例?若十年前有人問我,會不會以台大法律系畢業為榮,我的答案會是肯定的。但當我看到台大法律系教出了一位廣涉弊案的前總統,現在的我一點也驕傲不起來,只有覺得羞恥。
     從好處看,陳前總統一家人的例子,適足以打破名校與高學歷迷思。高學歷、名校學位不代表一個人必然會做出正面貢獻。這些名銜文憑常會表現出一種像擴大器般的工具性格,不問好壞地,單純將一個人的影響力加乘放大。

     當然,不能以一部分表現不佳的校友例子一竿子打翻所有校友的表現,台大校友或者其他大學學府畢業的學子,兢業守分、表現卓越者仍大有人在。可是這些正面的例子,就如同負面的例子一樣,並沒有解決那個本質性的疑問,亦即高等教育究竟有沒有端正品格的目的性功能?是不是就只能注定是一個「強化影響力(不管正面或負面)」的人格擴大器?換言之,若品德操守好的人擁有了所謂的名校文憑,他的正面影響力可能會因之而加乘;反之,品德有瑕、操守有虧的人擁有了名校文憑,對社會的破壞、傷害與負面示範也會隨之加乘。

     但這讓我非常困惑,在高等教育中,包括所謂名校,「端正品德」不應是基本使命嗎?高等教育應該要有端正品德的使命,而不能只是培養專業的「知識工廠」。那該怎麼做呢?

     一方面,高等教育課程的設計要重新檢討,須加強倫理教育,強調對社會的關心。例如,台灣的法學教育固執於法條背誦、象牙塔式文字邏輯推理,而忽略倫理教育、忽略訓練法律學子對社會現象的關照,可說是法律人表現不如社會期待的源頭,而決定法律人進入職場的考試制度也欠缺專業和品德設計的產物,更扭曲了法律教育的內容。畢竟,如果「教育設計」這個前端都閉鎖狹隘了,如何教育出有開放胸襟、有豐富社會關心的學子?

     另一方面,學校老師的態度也是關鍵,陳前總統不誠無信、涉貪涉弊的現象並不是今日伊始,但我們鮮少看到過去教育過他的台大老師站出來直斥其非。如果,連老師都鄉愿不語,如何期待學生視守護正義為使命?

     最後,則應是由已經進入八十周年的台大的校友們自己做起,大家應當認識,我們在社會的言行表現,加總起來就是母校的教育成果。而同時,我們的表現,大到對社會,中到對自己所屬或所有的公司、組織,小到對我們的家庭、子女,都有示範作用。我們要體認到,建構於文憑名氣的榮譽是假的,關鍵在於,我們有沒有力行正直,有沒有做出福於社會、益於人群的正面貢獻,這才是真榮譽。(作者為律師,法學教授)

【20080821 中國時報 970821】

鄉愿共犯 不夠格切割清算「胡作非為的背後 並非沒有你們隱匿的允諾」

陳水扁前總統涉入洗錢醜聞,台獨聯盟主席黃昭堂先生痛斥陳水扁是台灣之恥,對比前年紅潮倒扁時,黃主席對當時涉貪的陳前總統「情義相挺」,何其唏噓?

民進黨主席蔡英文,八月十六日表示,過去太信賴扁,一人錯全黨皆錯,代表民進黨向社會致歉。但十五日,洗錢風暴初起,蔡主席卻表示:對於陳水扁伉儷退黨…所展現的政治擔當,我們尊重並予以接受;一周多前,馬英九總統將國務機要費解密,蔡主席亦站在陳前總統一方,批評解密是政治決定;向前更推二年,紅潮倒扁時,時任行政院副院長的蔡英文,對陳前總統涉弊情形,可曾置有一詞?

若十五日蔡主席認為陳前總統有「政治擔當」,則十六日要與陳前總統切割的蔡主席的政治擔當,就難不令人質疑。

事實上,黃主席與蔡主席過去真的對陳前總統的涉貪失德一無所悉嗎?還是在他們心目中有比反貪腐更重要的事情?

獨派最大困境不在於理想,而在於為維護所謂的「理想」,鄉愿包容領導者貪腐濫權並踐踏誠信清廉的善良價值,這將同時踐踏了台獨理想,因為沒有任何「理想」,會在失去廉潔正直的靈魂後仍受尊敬。

獨派為了「理想」而向魔鬼妥協,擔當涉貪的陳前總統鐵衛軍,這多少有些無奈,但今天選擇與陳前總統切割的民進黨人士,則更難卸責,為了「安保權位」,有的擔當陳前總統的錦衣衛,攻詰異議者;有的選擇好官自為,漠視貪腐在身邊滋長,不發一言。

大文豪雨果說得好:「誰沒有在全盛時期提出過頑強的抗議,等到垮臺時,誰就不該有發言權。」今天有資格站出來批判、切割陳前總統的人,可以是在民進黨內保持批判的李文忠、林濁水,可以是領導紅衫軍的施明德,或者是氣得想砸電視的王建煊,但恐怕不會是黃昭堂、蔡英文。

民進黨面臨今日的困境,是鄉愿所造成的共犯結構。而共犯結構並非只有民進黨或者獨派人士,事實上,國民黨也在其中,戲角重量不亞於民進黨,甚至,若從實效的角度,更該加重責難國民黨,因為對下台的政客究責雖有消極的、事後的正義滿足意義,但終究不如要求執政黨健全反貪法制,更有防患未然的積極效果。

試問,為什麼這個洗錢弊案,是瑞士司法單位引爆的,不是國內檢調主動偵查?這反映二個殘酷事實:其一,檢調不爭氣,若非沒有能力,就是他們被權力者馴服,包庇權力者,這點民進黨已下台,我們只能要求新的執政黨保證,重建司法先鋒的獨立性與公信力。

其二,就是反貪法制不備,「公務人員財產來源不明罪」高唱多年,立法院卻無動作,少了法制守關,在沒有法律義務自證其財產來源合法的情況下,要以錢追貪,何其困難?這立法怠隋責任,絕對無法推給民進黨,馬總統與吳伯雄主席應要求國民黨立委「限期」完備反貪法制,將公務人員財產來源不明加罪化,否則下屆立委選舉,人民應以此作為罰惡令,拒投藍軍立委!對選舉時將「公務人員財產來源不明罪」列為政見的馬英九,人民也有理由以選票懲罰!

況且,陳前總統政治獻金帳不乾不淨,國民黨政治人物的政治獻金就清清楚楚了嗎?這還沒提到,已完全執政的國民黨,到現在還看不到處置黨產,回應民意的決心。

筆者常引用紀伯倫的話:「就像一片孤葉,不會未經整棵大樹的默許就枯黃,作惡者胡作非為的背後並非沒有你們大家隱匿的允諾。」鄉愿,是公義社會極大之惡,但所謂不鄉愿,不是打落水狗式的「事後清算與切割」,對不公義之事,每個人都應發出即時的、強烈的異議之聲。

【2008/08/18  聯合報 970818】